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Patient Information: News

Gestational Diabetes- Its Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Diabetes has three types- Type I Diabetes, Type II Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes. Below we discuss gestational diabetes.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes, as the name suggests, affects women during their pregnancy. There is a hormone produced to help the placenta reduce the woman's receptivity to insulin, the blood sugar levels increase, causing a phase of temporary diabetes.

It is not a very common disease but also not very rare. Nearly 4% of all pregnant women across the world suffer from this disease. The disease generally affects women in late pregnancy- say after the 24th week.

It is estimated that during the gestation period any would- be mother requires more than three times insulin for glucose to leave the blood and convert in to energy. The problem occurs when due to factors leading to insulin resistance have imbalance.

Gestational Diabetes Symptoms

A big reason why gestational diabetes goes unnoticed is the absence of cognizable symptoms. However when symptoms become noticeable, a woman may experience increase in weight, excessive thirst or hunger, recurring vaginal infections and urination.

Though Gestational diabetes is not commonly heard of, it is extremely lethal for the pregnant lady as well as its baby. Obese women, women with a family history of diabetes and also those who conceive late in life have more chances of developing Gestational diabetes. One should definitely visit a doctor if she feels nearly any Gestational diabetes symptoms- which are very similar to regular diabetes.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed through a glucose tolerance test during week 24 to week 28 of pregnancy. However for women considered at risk, due to hereditary reasons, doctors may start the tests as early as 13 weeks.

As Gestational diabetes can not only lead to complications in child birth but can also lead to still birth and prolonged illness in the newborn, it is extremely important to take care of Gestational diabetes symptom from the very beginning of your pregnancy phase.

In case you are diagnosed with any symptom that enhances your chances of acquiring this problem later in your pregnancy, you must start taking precautionary steps beforehand.

To keep gestational diabetes in check, you must consult your doctor to prepare a gestational diabetes diet. Keep in mind to avoid sugar, saturated fats and keep monitoring the glucose levels. The moment you see it going beyond the critical limit, raise an alarm and get yourself supervised by doctors.


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